(The Open Group, Boston, MA, www.opengroup.org) Formed in 1996 as the merger of the Open Software Foundation (OSF) and X/Open organizations, The Open Group is dedicated to promoting open standards and providing certification in a variety of areas, including the Unix operating system and Common Desktop Environment (CDE) user interfaces. See Single UNIX Specification and CDE. X/Open Founded in 1984, X/Open was dedicated to developing specifications and tests for open system compliance. X/Open was involved in unifying the Unix operating system into the Single UNIX Specification. It held the UNIX trademark (upper case letters) on behalf of the industry, which passed to The Open Group. OSF Founded in 1988, the OSF was a coalition of vendors and users that delivered technology innovations in all areas of open systems, including OSF/1, a Mach-based operating system, the Motif GUI and the DCE platform. See Motif and DCE.