island in the SC Pacific, east of Tonga: a self-governing territory in association with New Zealand: 100 sq mi (259 sq km); pop. 2,200
An island dependency of New Zealand in the south-central Pacific Ocean east of Tonga. Inhabited largely by native Polynesians, it was annexed by Britain in 1900 and made part of New Zealand a year later, becoming internally self-governing in 1974. Alofi is the capital.