- seaport in Tyne and Wear, N England, north of Leedsin full New′cas·tle-upon·-Tyne′
- city in Staffordshire, WC Englandin full New′cas·tle-un·der-Lyme′
- seaport in E New South Wales, Australia, on the Pacific
- or Newcastle upon Tyne A city of northeast England on the Tyne River north of Leeds. Founded as a Roman military station, it became a coal-shipping port in the 1200s. Its prominence in the trade gave rise to the expression to carry coals to Newcastle, meaning “to do something superfluous or unnecessary.”x
- A city of southeast Australia northeast of Sydney. Like the English city for which it was named, it is a coal-shipping port.x
- Stavanger is the first port of call for northward-bound passenger steamers from Hull and Newcastle, and has regular services from all the Norwegian coast towns, from Hamburg, &c. A railway runs south along the wild and desolate coast of Jaederen, one of the few low and unprotected shores in Norway, the scene of many wrecks.
- It has also been conferred during the closing years of the 19th century by letters patent on other cities - Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Sheffield, Leeds, Cardiff, Bradford, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Belfast, Cork.
- In Edinburgh, Glasgow, and elsewhere in Scotland, and in London (through the county council), Newcastle and other English towns, the corporations have laid down greens in public parks and open spaces.
- 1696 Renatus Harris, Newcastle on-Tyne.
- The principal cities and towns are Sydney (pop. 530,000), Newcastle, Broken Hill, Parramatta, Goulburn, Maitland, Bathurst, Orange, Lithgow, Tamworth, Grafton, Wagga and Albury, in New South Wales; Melbourne (pop. 511,900), Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong, Eaglehawk, Warrnambool, Castlemaine, and Stawell in Victoria; Brisbane (pop. 128,000), Rockhampton, Maryborough, Townsville, Gympie, Ipswich, and Toowoomba in Queensland; Adelaide (pop. about 175,000), Port Adelaide and Port Pirie in South Australia; Perth (pop. 56,000), Fremantle, and Kalgoorlie in Western Australia; and Hobart (pop. 35,500) and Launceston in Tasmania.