Nepal[nə pôl′, -päl′]
A map showing Nepal.
country in the Himalayas, between India & Tibet: 56,827 sq mi (147,181 sq km); pop. 18,462,000; cap. Katmandu
A country of South Asia in the Himalaya Mountains between India and southwest China. Site of a flourishing civilization by the 6th century BC , the region was later divided into principalities, one of which, Gurkha, became dominant in the 18th century. Gurkha's expansion into northern India led to border wars with Great Britain. A 1923 treaty affirmed Nepal's full sovereignty, and a constitutional monarchy was established in 1951. Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city.