city in SE Germany: capital of the state of Bavaria: pop. 1,256,000
A city of southeast Germany near the Bavarian Alps southeast of Augsburg. Founded in 1158, it has long been the capital of Bavaria. Adolf Hitler organized the Nazi Party here after World War I and signed the Munich Pact, widely regarded as a symbol of appeasement, with Great Britain, France, and Italy in 1938. The city was largely rebuilt after extensive Allied bombing in World War II.