Monks and Nuns
anchoritism the practice of retiring to a solitary place for a life of religious seclusion. —anchorite, anchoret, n. —anchoritic, anchoretic, adj. Benedictinism 1. the rule for monastic life developed by St. Benedict, used by several religious orders. 2. membership in an order of monks founded in Monte Cassino by St. Benedict about A.D. 530. —Benedictine, n., adj. cenobitism the action of or motivation for becoming a member of a religious order living in a monastery or convent. —cenobite, n. —cenobitic, adj. Cistercianism the rule of an order of monks and nuns founded in 1098 in Citeaux, France. —Cistcrcian, n., adj. monachism the religious and work activities of a monk; monasticism. —monachist, monachal, adj. monasticism a regularized program of religious observance, asceticism, and work foliowed in a monastery; monachism. —monastic, n., adj. monkery 1. Often Contemptuous. thecustoms, practices, etc., of monks. 2. a group or community of monks. 3. a monastery. Redemptionist a Trinitarian. Redemptorist a member of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, a Catholic order devoted to the education of the poor. tonsure 1. the act or process of cutting the hair, especially as a religious rite or custom. 2. the shaved part of the head, usually the crown, of a member of a religious order. —tonsorial, adj. Trappist a member of a Roman Catholic monastic order, a branch of the Cistercians, observing an austere, reformed rule, including a vow of silence. —Trappist, adj. Trinitarian a member of the monastic order founded in the late 12th century to redeem captive Christians from the Moors, or Muslims. Also called Redemptionist. urbanist a member of an order of Franciscan nuns. See also pope.