Also known as the Divestiture Decree. In the United States, a negotiated settlement (1982) between the Department of Justice (DOJ) and AT&T as a modification to the 1956 Consent Decree.The MFJ forced AT&T to divest its wholly owned Bell Operating Companies (BOCs), which it later spun off to form the seven Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs). Bell Communications Research (Bellcore) was established for RBOC common R&D support. Local Access and Transport Areas (LATAs) were established, with AT&T and other interexchange carriers (IXCs) permitted to provide interLATA service. The BOCs and other local exchange carriers (LECs) were granted exclusive rights to provide local and intraLATA long distance services.The MFJ established requirements for equal access, which allows a telephone subscriber to access any IXC through the LEC network to place a long distance call with equal ease, i.e., by dialing 1+.The MFJ also removed restrictions on AT&T against computer and related businesses. AT&T retained Long Lines (long distance), Bell Telephone Laboratories (R&D), and Western Electric (manufacturing). AT&T retained the embedded base of customer premises equipment (CPE).The MFJ took full effect January 1, 1984. See also Bellcore, BOC, Consent Decree, CPE, equal access, IXC, LATA, LEC, RBOC, and Telecommunications Act of 1996.