- ancient country in SW Asia, between the upper Tigris & Euphrates rivers: a part of modern Iraq
- loosely the entire region between these rivers, extending to the Persian Gulf
Origin of MesopotamiaClassical Greek mesopotamia(ch?ra), literally , (land) between rivers from mesos, mid + potamos, river, origin, originally , rapids from Indo-European base an unverified form pet-, to fall, rush at from source feather
An ancient region of southwest Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in modern-day Iraq. Probably settled before 5000 BC, the area was the home of numerous early civilizations, including Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia, and Assyria. It declined in importance after Mongol invaders destroyed its extensive irrigation system in AD 1258.