- an intellectual elite, based on academic achievement
- a system in which such an elite achieves special status, as in positions of leadership
Origin of meritocracymerit + -o- + -cracy; from The Rise of the Meritocracy, book (1958) by M. Young (1915-2002), British sociologist
- A system in which advancement is based on individual ability or achievement.
- a. A group of leaders or officeholders selected on the basis of individual ability or achievement.b. Leadership by such a group.
Though widely used as a term of praise, the term was original coined as a satire, and a critique of awarding educational achievement.