- The definition of melancholy is someone or something that is sad or gloomy.
- An example of melancholy is someone crying from loss.
- An example of melancholy is a dark, stormy and windy day.
A melancholy man.
- black bile: in medieval times considered to be one of the four humors of the body, to come from the spleen or kidneys, and to cause gloominess, irritability, or depression
- the condition of having, or the disorder supposed to result from having, too much black bile
- sadness and depression of spirits
- a tendency to be sad, gloomy, or depressed
- sad, sober musing; pensiveness
Origin of melancholyMiddle English malencoli ; from Old French melancolie ; from Late Latin melancholia ; from Classical Greek ; from melas, black (see melano-) + cholē, bile, gall: see yellow
- sad and depressed; gloomy
- causing sadness, gloom, or depression
- lamentable; deplorable
- sadly or soberly musing; pensive
- Obsolete having the disorder of melancholy
- Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
- Pensive reflection or contemplation.
- Archaic a. Black bile.b. An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from an excess of black bile.
- Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected. See Synonyms at sad.
- Causing or tending to cause sadness or gloom: a letter with some melancholy news.
- Pensive; thoughtful.
Origin of melancholyMiddle English melancolie, from Old French, from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholiā : melās, melan-, black + kholē, bile; see ghel-2 in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more melancholy, superlative most melancholy)
From Ancient Greek μελαγχολία (melancholia, “atrabiliousness”), from μέλας (melas), μελαν- (melan-, “black, dark, murky”) + χολή (chole, “bile”). Compare the Latin ātra bīlis (“black bile”).