A melancholy man.
- An example of melancholy is someone crying from loss.
- An example of melancholy is a dark, stormy and windy day.
- black bile: in medieval times considered to be one of the four humors of the body, to come from the spleen or kidneys, and to cause gloominess, irritability, or depression
- the condition of having, or the disorder supposed to result from having, too much black bile
- sadness and depression of spirits
- a tendency to be sad, gloomy, or depressed
- sad, sober musing; pensiveness
Origin of melancholyMiddle English malencoli from Old French melancolie from Late Latin melancholia from Classical Greek from melas, black (see melano-) + chol?, bile, gall: see yellow
- sad and depressed; gloomy
- causing sadness, gloom, or depression
- lamentable; deplorable
- sadly or soberly musing; pensive
- Obs. having the disorder of melancholy
- Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.
- Pensive reflection or contemplation.
- Archaic a. Black bile.b. An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from an excess of black bile.
- Feeling, showing, or expressing depression of the spirits; sad or dejected. See Synonyms at sad.
- Causing or tending to cause sadness or gloom: a letter with some melancholy news.
- Pensive; thoughtful.
Origin of melancholyMiddle English malencolie, melancolie from Old French from Late Latin melancholia from Greek melankholiā melās melan- black kholē bile ; see ghel-2 in Indo-European roots.
(comparative more melancholy, superlative most melancholy)
From Ancient Greek Î¼ÎµÎ»Î±Î³Ï‡Î¿Î»Î¯Î± (melancholia, “atrabiliousness"), from Î¼ÎÎ»Î±Ï‚ (melas), Î¼ÎµÎ»Î±Î½- (melan-, “black, dark, murky") + Ï‡Î¿Î»Î® (chole, “bile"). Compare the Latin Ätra bÄ«lis (“black bile").