## mediant

me·di·ant the third degree of a major or minor scale

Origin of mediant

Italian*mediante*; from Late Latin

*medians*, present participle of

*mediare*: see mediate

## mediant

noun

The third tone in a diatonic musical scale, determining the major or minor quality of the tonic chord.

Origin of mediant

Italian*mediante*, from Late Latin

*medians*

*, mediant-*, present participle of

*mediare*,

*to be in the middle*, from Latin

*medius*,

*middle*; see

**medium**.

## mediant

Noun

(*plural* mediants)

- (music) The third degree of the diatonic scale.
- (mathematics) A rational number whose numerator is the sum of the numerators of two other given rational numbers and whose denominator is the sum of the denominators of those same two other rational numbers.
- For any tangent pair of Ford circles corresponding to rational numbers
*r*and*s*, the Ford circle tangent to both of them corresponds to the rational number which is the mediant of*r*and*s*.

- For any tangent pair of Ford circles corresponding to rational numbers