MATTHEW FONTAINE MAURY (1806-1873), American naval officer and hydrographer, was born near Fredericksburg in Spottsylvania county, Virginia, on the 24th of January, .1806.
Maury attempted to organize co-operative meteorological work on land, but the government did not at this time take any steps in this direction.
In 1853 Maury had published his Letters on the Amazon and Atlantic Slopes of South America, and the most widely popular of his works, the Physical Geography of the Sea, was published in London in 1855, and in New York in 1856; it was translated into several European languages.
On the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, Maury didn't want war and he wrote many letters to governers to ask them to try to stop their people from war.
Lee -- Matthew Fontaine Maury was forced into a position where he had to leave the career he had worked a lifetime in and go defend his family and home.