state of W India: 118,809 sq mi (307,714 sq km); pop. 85,565,000; cap. Mumbai
A state of west-central India. Inhabited largely by Maratha-speaking Hindus, the region was controlled by Muslim rulers from the early 1300s to the mid-1600s and by the British after the early 1800s. It became a separate state in 1960. Mumbai is the capital.