Livonia[li vō′nē ə; for 2, usually li vōn′yə]
- former province (1783-1918) of Russia, on the Gulf of Riga: divided (1918) between Latvia & Estonia
- city in SE Mich.: suburb of Detroit: pop. 101,000
Origin: after Russian province
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.
- Livonian adjective, noun
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
- A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 13th century by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.
- A city of southeast Michigan, a residential suburb of Detroit. Population: 96,700.