A press for lithography.
An example of lithography is printing a message on a stone using grease to repel unwanted ink.
Origin of lithographylitho- + -graphy
(countable and uncountable, plural lithographies)
1813. From German Lithographie, from Ancient Greek Î»Î¯Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (lithos, “stone") + Î³ÏÎ¬Ï†ÎµÎ¹Î½ (graphein, “to write").
lithography - Computer Definition
A printing technology that dates back to 1798 when Alois Senenfelder developed a method of imaging limestone from which a print was produced. Based on the principle that oil and water do not mix, an aluminum or plastic plate is coated with a photopolymer film that is exposed to light through a photographic mask. The exposed areas are chemically "hardened," and the unexposed areas are dissolved when the plate is put through a chemical process, which is the next stage. When printing a page, the plate is dampened, and the water adheres only to the unexposed, non-image areas, which repell the greasy ink that is applied to the plate immediately thereafter. The most common lithographic printing uses the offset method, in which the ink is "offset" onto a rubber-coated cylinder that is pressed against the paper. See offset press.