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- The capital and largest city of Peru, in the west-central part of the country near the Pacific Ocean. Founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535, it was the capital of Spain's New World empire until the 19th century. The city was largely rebuilt after earthquakes in 1687 and 1746. Population: 7,640,000.
- A city of northwest Ohio south-southwest of Toledo. It is a processing and marketing center for a rich farm area. Population: 38,200.