V(ladimir) I(lyich) (orig., surname Ulyanov; formerly often referred to in error as Nikolai Lenin) 1870-1924; Russ. leader of the Communist revolution of 1917: premier of the U.S.S.R. (1917-24)
See Lenin in American Heritage Dictionary 4
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks, leader of the Russian Revolution (1917), and first head of the USSR (1917-1924). As a communist theoretician Lenin held that workers could not develop a revolutionary consciousness without the guidance of a vanguard party and that imperialism was a particular stage of capitalist development.