Kharkiv[kärˈkĭvˌ, ᴋʜärˈkēwˌ] or Khar·kov [kärˈkôfˌ, ᴋʜärˈkəf]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
A city of northeast Ukraine east of Kiev. Founded in 1656, it was an important 17th-century frontier headquarters of Ukrainian Cossacks who were loyal to the Russian czars. Today it is a major industrial center and transportation hub. Population: 1,460,000.