Origin of kernFrench carne, projecting angle, hinge ; from dialect, dialectal form of Old French charne, a hinge, corner, edge ; from Classical Latin cardo (gen. cardinis), a hinge: see cardinal
- Archaic a medieval Irish or Scottish foot soldier armed with light weapons
- an Irish peasant
Origin of kernMiddle English kerne ; from Old Irish ceitern, band of soldiers, soldier; akin to Gaelic ceathairne, common people
transitive verbkerned, kern·ing, kerns
- To provide (type) with a kern.
- To adjust space between (characters) in typeset text.
Origin of kernFrench carne, corner, from Old North French, from Latin card&omacron;, cardin-, hinge.
- A medieval Scottish or Irish foot soldier.
- A loutish person.
Origin of kernMiddle English kerne, from Middle Irish ceithern, ceithernn, band of soldiers, from Old Irish.
(countable and uncountable, plural kerns)
- (obsolete or dialect) A corn; grain; kernel.
A variant of corn, see Dutch kern, Old High German kerno, cherno, Middle High German kerne, kern, German Kern (“core, kernel”),Old Norse kjarni, Icelandic kjarni, Danish kjerne, Swedish kärna (“core, kernel”); see also kernel.
- (hot metal printing, typography) any part of a letter which extends into the space used by another letter.
(third-person singular simple present kerns, present participle kerning, simple past and past participle kerned)
- (typography, chiefly proportional font printing) To adjust the horizontal space between selected pairs of letters (characters or glyphs); to perform such adjustments to a portion of text, according to preset rules.
- (archaic or historical) A light-armed foot soldier of the ancient militia of Ireland and Scotland; in archaic contexts often used as a term of contempt.
From Middle Irish ceithern.
- Alternative form of quern.
- A churn.