city in W European Russia, on the Baltic Sea: part of an exclave surrounded by Poland & Lithuania
A city of extreme western Russia in an exclave on the Baltic Sea between Poland and Lithuania. Founded in 1255 and originally named K&odie;nigsberg, it was an important Hanseatic port and eventually became the capital of East Prussia. Transferred to the USSR in 1945, it was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946.
- A city, formerly called Königsberg, located in what is now the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.
Named for Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin.