The third president of the United States (1801-1809). A member of the Continental Congress, he drafted the Declaration of Independence (1776). His presidency was marked by the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France (1803) and the Tripolitan War (1801-1805). A political philosopher, educator, and architect, Jefferson designed his own estate, Monticello, and buildings for the University of Virginia.
portrait by George Peter Alexander Healy (1813-1894) after a portrait by