transitive verb-·cat·ed, -·cat·ing
- to affect the nervous system of, so as to cause a loss of control; make drunk; stupefy; inebriate: said of alcoholic liquor or a drug
- to excite to a point beyond self-control; make wild with excitement or happiness
- Med. to poison or have a poisonous effect on
Origin of intoxicatefrom Medieval Latin intoxicatus, past participle of intoxicare, to poison, drug from Classical Latin in-, in + toxicare, to smear with poison from toxicum, poison: see toxic
verbin·tox·i·cat·ed, in·tox·i·cat·ing, in·tox·i·cates
- a. To impair the physical and mental faculties of (a person) by means of alcohol or a drug or other chemical substance: served strong cocktails that intoxicated all the guests.b. To damage physiologically by means of a chemical substance; poison: birds that were intoxicated by pesticides.
- To stimulate or excite: “a man whom life intoxicates, who has no need of wine” ( Anaïs Nin )
Origin of intoxicateMiddle English to poison from Medieval Latin intoxicāre intoxicāt-Latin in- in ; see in- 2. Late Latin toxicāre to smear with poison ( from Latin toxicum poison ; see toxic. )
(third-person singular simple present intoxicates, present participle intoxicating, simple past and past participle intoxicated)
(comparative more intoxicate, superlative most intoxicate)
- (obsolete) Intoxicated.
- (obsolete) Overexcited, as with joy or grief.
From Medieval Latin intoxicātus, past participle of intoxicō, from Latin toxicō < toxicus, from Ancient Greek τοξικόν (toksikon).