The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
An autonomous republic of southwest Russia in the northern Caucasus west of Chechnya. Conquered by Russia in the 19th century, it became the Ingush Autonomous Region (1924) and later formed (with Chechnya) a part of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1936). Ingushetia approved separation from Chechnya in a referendum (1991) and became an autonomous republic within the Russian Federation the following year.