Hopper Grace MurrayHopper
, Grace Murray 1906–1992.
photographed in the 1980s
hopper, grace murray - Computer Definition
A Rear Admiral who wrote the computer language Cobol and was a woman of computing fame during the 1960s. She not only was a leader in software development concepts but also helped to catalyze the transition from early programming techniques to the utilization of sophisticated compilers. Dr. Hopper received a number of awards for her successes, and in 1969 she was the first recipient of the Computer Sciences Man-of-the-Year Award given by the Data Processing Management Association. She died in 1992.
Schell, B.H., Dodge, J.L., with S.S. Moutsatsos. The Hacking of America: Who’s Doing It, Why, and How. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2002.