The last three holders of the office were also distinguished.
" Villeins," instead of free-holders, formed the most numerous class of the population.
The duchy afterwards changed hands several times, one of its holders being Charles of Valois, natural son of Charles IX.
Hastings resolved to make a progress up country in order to arrange the affairs of both provinces, and bring back all the treasure that could be squeezed out of its holders by his personal intervention.
Dammartin is historically important as the seat of a countship of which the holders played a considerable part in French history.