Origin of hetmanPolish from German hauptmann, a captain, literally , head man from haupt, head + mann, man
Origin of hetmanUkrainian het'man from Polish hetman from German dialectal hötmann, hetmann captain German Hauptmann from Middle High German houbetman houbet head ( from Old High German houbit ; see kaput- in Indo-European roots.) man man ( from Old High German; see fugleman . )
From Polish hetman, probably from Middle High German houbetman, heuptman (“commander”), from houbet, heupt (“head”), related to Latin caput (“head”), + Middle High German man (“man”). Compare modern German Hauptmann (“captain”), Haupt, Mann. The Polish e in hetman attests to a borrowing from an East Central German dialect, where Middle High German öu gives ē.