Hess (Walter Richard) RudolfHess
, (Walter Richard) Rudolf 1894–1987.
Egyptian-born German Nazi leader. When Hitler became chancellor (1933), he named Hess as deputy f&udie;hrer and later (1939) as second in line to succeed him. In May 1941 Hess was captured in Scotland. At the Nuremberg trials (1946) he was sentenced to life imprisonment.