See also other interesting cases cited in the chapter on the "Geste of John de Courci" in Mr J.
Bernardo is the hero of a cantar de gesta (chanson de geste) written to please the anarchical spirit of the nobles.
- Godfrey was the principal hero of two French chansons de geste dealing with the Crusade, the Chansond'Antioche (ed.
The most instructive, perhaps the only instructive, parallel is to be found in the French " chansons de geste," of which the Chanson de Roland is the earliest and best example.
It has been held that the chansons de geste were formed by joining together " bunches " of these earlier cantilenes, and this was the view taken by Leon Gautier in the first edition of Les Epopees frangaises (1865).