Origin of gambogeModern Latin gambogium, after Cambodia, where first obtained
a gum resin obtained from a tropical Asian tree (Garcinia hanburyi) of the St. Johnswort family, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic
- A brownish or orange resin obtained from several trees of the genus Garcinia of South and Southeast Asia and yielding a golden-yellow pigment.
- A strong reddish yellow.
Origin of gambogeNew Latin cambugium, gambogium after Cambodia
(countable and uncountable, plural gamboges)
- Of a deep yellow colour.
- Nux vomica, gamboge, caoutchouc, cardamoms, teak and other valuable woods and gums are among the natural products.
- The plumage of the male is of a uniform black colour, that of the female various shades of brown, while the bill of the male, especially during the breeding season, is of a bright gamboge yellow.
- It is strained, deprived of its moisture, and receives an admixture of gamboge, cinnabar, acetous protoxide or some other coloring matter.
- The hard transparent resins, such as the copals, dammars, mastic and sandarach, are principally used for varnishes and cement, while the softer odoriferous oleo-resins (frankincense, turpentine, copaiba) and gum-resins containing essential oils (ammoniacum, asafoetida, gamboge, myrrh, scammony) are more largely used for therapeutic purposes and incense.
- Examples are ammoniacum, asafetida, bdellium, euphorbium, gamboge, myrrh, sagapanum and scammony.