Gaia hypothesisGai·a hypothesis
the theory that the earth is a group of interdependent organisms and environmental systems that function as a single, self-regulating organism
- A hypothesis stating that Earth's biota constitute a single interconnected system that affects or determines the physical and chemical conditions within the biosphere, including such conditions as global temperatures, the composition of the atmosphere, and the salinity of seawater.
- Any of various related hypotheses stating that this system is self-regulating, as through feedback loops, or that it constitutes a living organism, in either case acting to maintain stable conditions that are optimal for the continuation of life.
Origin of Gaia hypothesisAfter Gaia used by British scientist and environmentalist James Lovelock (born 1919) to refer to the totality of Earth's biota as a superorganism