- a thin mattress like a quilt, placed on the floor or on a very low platform frame, for use as a bed or chair
- any of various kinds of low couch or chair that can be unfolded to serve as a simple platform bed
Origin of futonSinoJpn, origin, originally round cushions filled with cattail flower spikes ; from Chinese fu, cattail + ton, round
A thin mattress of tufted cotton batting or similar material, placed on a floor or on a raised, foldable frame.
Origin of futonJapanese, ultimately (although the first syllable is now written with the kanji for fu, cloth) from early Mandarin phu´ th&irevc;n´, a kind of mat (Modern Mandarin pútuán, cushion made from rushes, hassock made from cattails) : phu´, rushes, reeds, aquatic grasses (such as those used for bedding, for example) (from Middle Chinese p&hhook;u&schwabreve;) + th&irevc;n´, round, to roll into a ball (from Middle Chinese t&hhook;uan).
Japanese 布団 (futon ふとん), from Middle Chinese 蒲團 (bu-dwan "meditation cushion") (compare Mandarin pútuán 蒲团), from 蒲 ("cattail") + 團 ("sphere", "round object").