- Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, taken together: "standard" Arabic, used in religious texts, in writing, and in formal speech, as opposed to the regional "dialects" used for most daily communication.
- colloquial Arabic, spoken Arabic, dialectal Arabic, vernacular Arabic, 'ammiyya, daarija
- The name is also frequently spelled Fusha, with no hyphen; the hyphenated spelling is used to avoid a mispronunciation with /ʃ/ (as in push). (An apostrophe is also sometimes used for this purpose: Fus'ha.)
From Arabic فصحى (al-fuṣḥā, “the eloquent”).