French overseas department in NE South America, on the Atlantic: 35,135 sq mi (90,999 sq km); pop. 115,000; cap. Cayenne
A French overseas department of northeast South America on the Atlantic Ocean. French settlement began in 1604, but the area was largely ignored until penal colonies (now closed) were established in the 1800s. Cayenne is the capital and the largest city.
- Overseas department of France in South America. Official name: Department of French Guiana.