Food and Nutrition - Ologies & -Isms Definition
Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
accubation Rare. the act or habit of reclining at meals. alimentology Medicine. thescience of nutrition. allotriophagy Pathology. a desire for unusual or abnormal foods. analepsis, analepsy Obsolete, the nutrition of an emaciated body. anorexia lack of appetite, usually because of psychological reasons. anthropophagy the use of human flesh for food. —anthropophagous, adj. autophagy, autophagia Medicine. 1. the eating of one’s own body. 2. the nutrition of the body by its own tissues, as in dieting. —autophagous, adj. Bantingism, bantingism a diet of high protein and low fat and carbohydrate, followed in a program to lose weight, named for its developer W. Banting, 19th-century English cabinet-maker. biophagism the use of living organisms for food. —biophagery, n. —biophagous, adj. botulism a toxic condition caused by a neurotoxin in improperly canned or preserved food. bromatology Rare. the science of food. bromography a treatise on food. bulimia a raging hunger or voracious appetite. Cf. hyperorexia. —bulimic, boulimic, bulimiac, boulimiac, adj. bulimorexia, boulimorexia alternating gorging of food and vomiting, usually as a result of a psychological disturbance. —bulimorexic, boulimorexic, n., adj. cibophobia an abnormal fear of food. Also called sitophobia, sitiophobia. commensalism the practice of eating together at the same table. Also commensality. —commensal, n., adj. coprophagy feeding on excrement, as certain beetles. —coprophagous, adj. crapulence excessive indulgence in food or drink. culinarian a person skilled in the preparation of food. cynorexia a doglike appetite; insatiable desire for food. dystrophy, dystrophia poor or inadequate nutrition or growth. See also disease and illness. Epicureanism the habit of refined, often luxurious, enjoyment of sensuous pleasures, especially of food. —epicurean, n., adj. Fletcherism, fletcherism the practice of eating only when hungry and in small amounts, and especially chewing one’s food thoroughly, recommended as an aid to digestion by Horace Fletcher (1849-1919), American dietitian. —Fletcherite, n. —Fletcherize, v. fruitarianism the practice of subsisting chiefly on fruit. Cf. vegetarianism. —fruitarian, n., adj. gastronomy the art or science of good eating. —gastronome, gastronomist, n. —gastronomie, adj. gavage forced feeding, either of animals or humans, by inserting a tube in the throat and using a force pump. hippophagism, hippophagy the eating of horsemeat. —hippophagous, adj. hyperorexia an abnormal craving for food; a voracious and insatiable appetite. Cf. bulimia. magirics Rare. the science or art of cooking. Also called magirology. —magirist, n. monophagism, monophagy the tendency to f eed on a single type of food. —monophagous, adj. opsomania a mania for special kinds of food. See also phagomania, sitomania. pantophagy the ability to eat any type of food. —pantophagist, n. —pantophagous, adj. phagology the study of eating or feeding habits. phagomania a mania for food and eating. See also opsomania, sitomania. phagophobia an abnormal fear of eating. polyphagia 1. a desire for all kinds of food. 2. Med. excessive or gluttonous consumption of food. —polyphagian, n. —polyphagic, polyphagous, adj. proteinphobia a strong aversion to protein foods. sarcophagy Rare. the act, practice, or custom of eating flesh. —sarcophagous, adj. sitomania an obsession with food. See also phagomania, opsomania. sitophobia cibophobia. symposiarch Ancient Greece. the master of a feast or symposium; hence, a person presiding over a banquet or formal discussion. syssitia the practice or custom, as among the ancient Spartans and Cretans, of eating the main meal of the day together in public to strengthen social and political bonds. trichinosis a form of food-poisoning, caused by infestation by Trichinella spiralis. — trichinous, adj. trophism the nourishment of the tissues. —trophic, adj. trophology Medicine. the science of nutrition; alimentology. trophoplasm the form of protoplasm that constitutes the nutritive element of a cell. —trophoplasmic, —trophoplasmatic, adj. tsiology a treatise on tea. vegetarianism the practice of subsisting chiefly or strictly on vegetables. —vegetarian, n., adj. xerophagia, xerophagy 1. fasting for religious or other purposes. 2. the act or custom of eating only dry food or a very light diet. zeism, zeismus a skin disease, thought to be the result of excessive consumption of corn. zomotherapy a treatment for disease or illness consisting of a diet of raw meat.