Fingers and Toes
A babies fingers and toes.Licensed from iStockPhoto
Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
adactyly a birth defect in which one or more fingers or toes are missing. dactyl a digit; a finger or toe. See also measurement. dactyliography the study of finger rings for purposes of description. —dactyliographer, n. —dactyliographic, adj. dactyliology the study and making of finger rings. —dactyliologist, n. —dactyliologic, adj. dactyliomancy a form of divination involving finger rings. dactylitis an inflammation of a finger or toe. dactylography the study of fingerprints. —dactylographer, n. —dactylogram, n. —dactylographic, adj. dactylology the science of communicating by sign language using the hands and fingers. dactylomegaly a condition in which one or more of the fingers is enlarged abnormally. —dactylomegalic, adj. dactylonomy Rare. the practice of counting on the fingers. dactyloscopy the comparison of fingerprints for identification. —dactyloscopist, n. —dactyloscopie, adj. monodactyly Zoology. the condition of having only a single finger, toe, or claw on each limb. —monodactylous, monodactylic, adj. onychia inflammation and ulceration at the base of a fingernail; a felon or whitlow. onychomancy the art of divination through inspection of the fingernails. —onychomantic, adj. onychophagy the habit of biting the fingernails. onychoptosis the loosening and falling off of the fingernails. onychosis disease of the fingernails or toenails. paronychia a pus-producing inflammation at the base of a fingernail or toenail; a felon or whitlow. Also called panaris. pentadactylism the condition of having five digits on each hand and foot. —pentadactylous, adj. polydactylism the condition of having more than the normal number of fingers or toes. —polydactylous, adj. sexdigitist a person who has six fingers or six toes.