- To extinguish is defined as to put out, put an end to, or to settle a debt.
- When you pour baking soda on a kitchen fire and the fire goes out, this is an example of when you extinguish the fire.
- When a plague kills an entire population, this is an example of how to extinguish a population.
- When you find out you didn't get into the school you wanted, this is an example of a time when hope is extinguished.
- When a debt is forgiven in full, this is an example of a time when the debt is extinguished.
The candle has been extinguished.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- to put out (a fire, etc.); quench; smother
- to put an end to; destroy or cause to die out
- to put in the shade; eclipse; obscure
- to make void; nullify
- to settle (a debt)
Origin: Classical Latin extinguere, exstinguere, to quench, destroy ; from ex-, out plush stinguere, to extinguish (for Indo-European base see stick) plush -ish
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transitive verb ex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
- To put out (a fire, for example); quench.
- To put an end to (hopes, for example); destroy. See Synonyms at abolish.
- To obscure; eclipse.
- Law a. To settle or discharge (a debt).b. To nullify: extinguished their title to the property.
- Psychology To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).
Origin: Latin exstinguere : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + stinguere, to quench; see steig- in Indo-European roots.
- ex·tinˈguish·a·ble adjective
- ex·tinˈguish·ment noun
extinguish - Medical Definition