extinguish[ek stiŋ′gwis̸h, ik-]
The candle has been extinguished.
- When you pour baking soda on a kitchen fire and the fire goes out, this is an example of when you extinguish the fire.
- When a plague kills an entire population, this is an example of how to extinguish a population.
- When you find out you didn't get into the school you wanted, this is an example of a time when hope is extinguished.
- When a debt is forgiven in full, this is an example of a time when the debt is extinguished.
- to put out (a fire, etc.); quench; smother
- to put an end to; destroy or cause to die out
- to put in the shade; eclipse; obscure
- to make void; nullify
- to settle (a debt)
Origin of extinguishClassical Latin extinguere, exstinguere, to quench, destroy ; from ex-, out + stinguere, to extinguish (for Indo-European base see stick) + -ish
transitive verbex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
- To cause (a fire or light) to stop burning or shining; put out.
- To put an end to or make extinct; destroy: “Her death extinguished the dream of family that was closest to his heart” (Karen Lystra). See Synonyms at annihilate.
- Psychology To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).
Origin of extinguishLatin exstinguere : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex– + stinguere, to quench; see steig- in Indo-European roots.
(third-person singular simple present extinguishes, present participle extinguishing, simple past and past participle extinguished)
- to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
- to destroy or abolish something
- She extinguished all my hopes.
- to obscure or eclipse something
- The rays of the sun were extinguished by the thunder clouds.
- (psychology) to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
- (literally) to hunt down (a species) to extinction