estrange[e strānj′, i-]
- An example of to estrange is for a man to leave his wife.
- An example of to estrange is to leave a political party.
transitive verbestranged, estranging
- to remove, as from usual surroundings or associates; keep apart or away
- to turn (a person) from an affectionate or friendly attitude to an indifferent, unfriendly, or hostile one; alienate the affections of
Origin of estrangeOld French estranger, to remove ; from Medieval Latin extraneare, to treat as a stranger ; from Classical Latin extraneus, strange
transitive verbes·tranged, es·trang·ing, es·trang·es
- To make hostile, unsympathetic, or indifferent; alienate: The months of bickering estranged her from her family.
- To remove from an accustomed place or set of associations: art that is estranged from its historical context.
Origin of estrangeMiddle English estraungen, from Old French estrangier, from Latin extrāneāre, to treat as a stranger, disown, from extrāneus, foreign; see strange.
(third-person singular simple present estranges, present participle estranging, simple past and past participle estranged)
Largely synonymous with alienate, estrange is primarily used to mean “cut off relations”, particularly in a family setting, while alienate is rather used to refer to driving off (“he alienated her with his atrocious behavior”) or to offend a group (“the imprudent remarks alienated the urban demographic”).
When speaking of parents being estranged from a child of theirs, disown is frequently used instead, and has a stronger connotation.