Deng XiaopingDeng Xiao·ping
1904-97; Chin. Communist leader; member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (resigned 1987); held various official titles (1967-89), including deputy prime minister; China's de facto ruler (c. 1981-97)
also Teng Hsiao-ping 1904-1997
Chinese political leader who was the de facto ruler in the People's Republic of China from the late 1970s until 1989. He attempted to modernize the socialist system in China, but his reputation suffered due to his sanctioning of the army's violent suppression of the pro-democracy protest in Tiananmen Square (1989), and he officially retired shortly thereafter.
photographed in 1989