The definition of critical thinking is a mental process of reviewing clear, rational thoughts based on evidence to reach an answer or a conclusion.
Process of Critical Thinking
The process of critical thinking is associated with accuracy, logic, depth, fairness, credibility, and intellectual clarity. The word "critical" is not used to imply negativity or pessimism; critical thinking merely means that one must not automatically accept the validity of the information he or she is given. (noun)
- An example of critical thinking is analyzing a novel based on evidence.
- An example of critical thinking is someone who is willing to examine previously held beliefs, opinions, or assumptions and objectively weigh them against facts—admitting when a lack of understanding or information impairs the decision making process and adjusting conclusions as needed to accommodate the introduction of new information.
- An example of critical thinking is how students in history classes spend a great deal of time discussing issues such as how propaganda was used to influence the public’s perception of events like the Holocaust.