An acute infectious disease caused by a mosquito-borne virus, characterized by fever, rash, and joint pain, and seen primarily in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. Also called chicken guinea disease .
Origin of chikungunyaMakonde (Bantu language of the region of Tanzania where an epidemic in the 1950s led to the first medical description of the disease) chi- sing. n. pref. -kungunyala to become contorted, fold up ( so called because joint pain causes sufferers from the disease to assume a hunched posture )