- The head of the government in Germany is an example of a chancellor.
- The head of Harvard University is an example of a chancellor.
- Obs. an official secretary to a nobleman or, esp., a king
- Rare the chief secretary of an embassy or consulate
- any of several high officials in the British government, sometimes with judicial powers
- the title of the president or a high executive officer in some universities
- the prime minister in certain countries
- ⌂ a chief judge of a court of chancery or equity in some states of the U.S.
- R.C.Ch. the title of the priest in charge of a diocesan chancery
Origin of chancellorMiddle English ; from chanceler ; from Old French ; from Late Latin cancellarius, secretary, literally , keeper of the barrier: so called from the lattice behind which he worked: see cancel
- Any of various officials of high rank, especially:a. A secretary to a monarch or noble.b. Chiefly British The chief secretary of an embassy.c. The chief minister of state in some European countries.
- a. The president of certain American universities.b. Chiefly British The honorary or titular head of a university.
- Law The presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity in some states of the United States and in Great Britain.
Origin of chancellorMiddle English chaunceler, from Old French chancelier, from Late Latin cancellārius, doorkeeper, from Latin cancellī, bars, latticework; see cancel.
- A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.
- Head of a chancery.
- An important notary; a person in charge of some area of government, often justice or finance.
- The head of a university, sometimes purely ceremonial.
- The head of parliamentary government in some German speaking countries.
- A record keeper for a diocese or equivalent religious area.
- (Scotland) Foreman of a jury.
- (UK) Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The chancellor was originally a chief scribe or secretary under the Roman emperors, but afterward was invested with judicial powers, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Roman empire this office passed to the church, and every bishop has his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. In later times, in most countries of Europe, the chancellor was a high officer of state, keeper of the great seal of the kingdom, and having the supervision of all charters, and like public instruments of the crown, which were authenticated in the most solemn manner. In France a secretary is in some cases called a chancellor. In Scotland, the appellation is given to the foreman of a jury, or assize. In Germany since the unification under Bismarck the office of Chancellor (styled "Reich Chancellor" under the Weimar Constitution and the Nazi dictatorship) is the President of the Federal Council and the head of the German Federal Government. In the United States, the title is given to certain judges of courts of chancery or equity, established by the statutes of separate States. Blackstone. Wharton.
chancellor - Legal Definition
- Traditionally, the title of the chief judge of a court of chancery.
- Any judge who sits in a court of equity.