Law an act or proceeding by which a person who is not concerned in a lawsuit makes a bargain with one of the litigants to help maintain the costs of the suit in return for a share of any proceeds: illegal in most states
Origin: Middle English champartie ; from Old French champart, the lord's share in the crop of a tenant's land ; from Classical Latin campi pars ; from campi, genitive of campus, field plush pars, part: see campus and amp; part
champerty definition by American Heritage Dictionary
A sharing in the proceeds of a lawsuit by an outside party who has promoted the litigation.
Origin: Middle English champartie, from Old French champart, the lord's share of the tenant's crop, from Medieval Latin campars, campīpars : Latin campī, genitive of campus, field + Latin pars, part; see part.
An agreement between a litigant and a person who is not a party to the
action, including the litigant’s lawyer, for that person to pursue or
financially support the litigant’s claim in exchange for a portion of any
damages awarded. The practice was once prohibited by the common law and it is
still forbidden in some states, thereby casting doubt on the legality of
lawyers advancing costs for their clients, as in the payment of expert witness
To financially support or
otherwise maintain or promote another person’s claim.