- the variously shaped, fleshy, podlike fruit of any of certain cultivated plants (genus Capsicum) of the nightshade family, eaten as a vegetable or used as flavoring, and ranging in taste from sweet, as the green or red bell pepper, to hot, as the chili, cayenne, or Tabasco pepper
- a plant bearing this fruit
- any of various preparations derived from these fruits, used as a condiment or, in medicine, as a gastric stimulant
Origin of capsicumModern Latin from Classical Latin capsa, a box (see case), from the shape of the seedpods
- Any of various tropical American pepper plants of the genus Capsicum, especially any of the numerous cultivated forms of the species C. annuum and C. frutescens.
- The fruit of any of these plants, especially the dried pungent types used as a condiment and in medicine.
Origin of capsicumNew Latin Capsicum genus name perhaps from Latin capsa box (from its podlike fruit)
New Latin, from Ancient Greek καψικός (kapsikos, “like a box”)
New Latin, believed to from Latin capsa (“box”), after the fruit shape.