The most important channel of the Ganges for commerce is the Hugli, on which stands Calcutta, about 90 m.
Below Calcutta important boat routes through the delta connect the Hugli with the eastern branches of the river, for both native craft and steamers.
The Ganges is essentially a river of great cities: Calcutta, Monghyr, Patna, Benares and Allahabad all lie on its course below its junction with the Jumna; and the ancient capitals, Agra and Delhi, are on the Jumna, higher up. The catchment basin of the Ganges is bounded on the N.
Per mile; from Benares to Calcutta, between 4 and 5 in.; from Calcutta to the sea, I to 2 in.
- The first Indian periodical was the Asiatick Miscellany (Calcutta, 1785-1789), probably edited by F.