- seaport in ancient Palestine, on the Mediterranean, south of Haifa, Israel: Roman capital of Palestine
- city in ancient Palestine, near Mt. Hermonalso Caesarea Philippi
- also Caesarea Pal·e·sti·nae An ancient seaport of Palestine south of present-day Haifa, Israel. It was founded (30 BC) by Herod the Great and later became the capital of Roman Judea. The city was destroyed by Muslims in 1265.
- also Caesarea Phil·ip·pi An ancient city of northern Palestine near Mount Hermon in present-day southwest Syria. It was built in the first century AD on the site of a center for the worship of Pan.
- also Caesarea Maz·a·ca An ancient city of Cappadocia on the site of present-day Kayseri in central Turkey. The chief city of the region, it was destroyed by Persians in AD 260.