LOUIS ANTOINE DE BOUGAINVILLE (1729-1811), French navigator, was born at Paris on the 11th of November 1729.
After the peace, when the French government conceived the project of colonizing the Falkland Islands, Bougainville undertook the task at his own expense.
Having executed his commission of delivering up the Falkland Islands to the Spanish, Bougainville proceeded on his expedition, and touched at Buenos Aires.
In the memorable engagement of the 12th of April 1782, in which Rodney defeated the comte de Grasse, near Martinique, Bougainville, who commanded the "Auguste," succeeded in rallying eight ships of his own division, and bringing them safely into St Eustace.
Bougainville obtained the rank of vice-admiral in 1791; and in 1792, having escaped almost miraculously from the massacres of Paris, he retired to his estate in Normandy.