- Borgia, Cesare 1476?-1507; It. military leader & cardinal: son of Pope Alexander VI
- Borgia, Lucrezia 1480-1519; duchess of Ferrara: patroness of the arts: sister of Cesare
Italian family, influential from the 14th to the 16th century, that included the son and daughter of Pope Alexander VI. Cesare (1475?–1507), a religious, military, and political leader, was the model for Machiavelli's The Prince. Lucrezia (1489–1519), the Duchess of Ferrara, was a patron of learning and the arts.