Of German biographies may be mentioned Hans Blum, Bismarck and seine Zeit (6 vols., Munich, 1894-1895), with a volume of appendices, &c. (1898); Heyck, Bismarck (Bielefeld, 1898); Kreutzer, Otto von Bismarck (2 vols., Leipzig, 1900); Klein-Hattingen, Bismarck and seine Welt, 1815-1871, Bd.
Liebknecht was the author of numerous pamphlets and books, of which the most important were: Robert Blum and seine Zeit (Nuremberg, 1892); Geschichte der Franzosischen Revolution (Dresden, 1890); Die Emser Depesche (Nuremberg, 1899) and Robert Owen (Nuremberg, 1892).
The moral of the victory was painted for all the world by the military execution of Robert Blum, whose person, as a deputy of the German parliament, should have been sacrosanct.
Blum, Die deutsche Revolution 1848-1849 (Florence, 1897) and Des deutsche Reich cur Zeit Bismarcks (Leipzig, 1893); W.
Blum, Furst Bismarck und seine Zeit (Munich, 1895).