As regards candidates for ecclesiastical offices, the concordats concluded with Catholic nations regularly give the sovereign the right to nominate or present to bishoprics, often also to other inferior benefices, such as canonries, important parishes and abbeys; or at least the choice of the ecclesiastical authority is submitted to the approval of the civil power.
All bishoprics, abbeys and priories were in the royal nomination, the canonical institution belonging to the pope.
For Switzerland, for the reorganization of the bishoprics of Basel and Soleure; in force.
The emperor of Austria continues to nominate to bishoprics by virtue of rights anterior to this concordat.
The latter, about the time of Elizabeth's succession, expressed his hope that the bishops would become pastors, labourers and watchmen; and that the great riches of bishoprics would be diminished and reduced to mediocrity; that, being delivered from courtly and regal pomp, the bishops might take care of the flock of Christ.