GABRIEL BIEL (c. scholastic philosopher, was born at Spires (Speier).
The empirical individualism of the work, tending necessarily to limit the province of reason and extend that of faith, together with scattered utterances on special points, which gained for Biel the title of Papista Antipapista, had considerable influence in giving form to the doctrines of Luther and Melanchthon.
The title Ultimus Scholasticorum is often wrongly bestowed on Biel; scholasticism did not cease with him, even in Germany, and continued to flourish long after his time in the universities of Spain.
Plitt, Gabriel Biel als Prediger (Erlangen, 1879); art.
BIENNE, or Biel, an industrial town in the Swiss canton of Bern.